Sunday, 01 December 2013 03:47

6th Anniversary of Monthly Sanghadana & Atthaparikkara (121 times)

Written by Nirvana Desk

6th Anniversary of Monthly Sanghadana & Atthaparikkara (121 times):

A small number of young devotees of Dhaka, the Capital city of Bangladesh, have been arranging to observe the monthly Sangha Dana with Atthaparikkhara Dana by organizing the lay Buddhists at Dharmarajika Buddhist Monastery since December 2007. They have observed the 6th Anniversary of Monthly Sanghadana with Atthaparikkara Dana on 8th November'13, Friday. 28 Buddha Puja, Sibali Stabir Puja and Upagupta Stabir Puja have also been observed on this observance.

The Most Venerable Sanghanayaka Suddhananda Mahathero (The president of Bangladesh Bouddha Kristi Prachar Sangha and The Vice-President of World Fellowship of Buddhist) has presided over the observance while The Executive Vice-President of Bangladesh Buddhist Federation Mr. Netrasen Barua and The President of Bangladesh Bouddha Samity (Dhaka Region) Col. (Retd.) Dr. Mrinal Barua have delivered their good speech. Prayers are offered/uttered (Paying homage to the Buddha, Dhamma & Sangha and taking FIVE precepts etc.) by Dr. Nihar Kanti Barua. After the rituals of the ceremony, all the Bhikkhus, guests and students of Dharmajika have been entertained.

The ceremony has been facilitated by Mr. Ritan Kanti Barua, Religious Secretary of Bangladesh Bouddha Kristi Prachar Sangha and initiator of the Monthly Sangha Dana with Atthaparikkhara Dana. Mr. Shilabara Barua (Co-initiator), Mr. Diptimoy Barua Shelu (President of Bangladesh Bouddha Samity - Youth (Dhaka Region)), Mr. Tushar Barua, Mr. Chotan Barua, Mr. Ke chi Monh Marma, Mr. Ziku Barua, Mr. Dhammangkur Barua, Mr. Nilu Barua, Sibali Oikya Parishad etc. are associated with the observance.


The Buddhists of Bangladesh observe many religious ceremonies and festivals throughout the year. Among them, the noteworthy are : Purnima, Vassavasa (rain-retreat), Uposatha, Pavarana, Paritta and Dana Ceremonies. The Dana Ceremonies are of major imporatance for the desirer of NIBBANA. The Dana Ceremonies are : a) The Kathina Civara Dana, b) The Sangha Dana and c) The Atthaparikkhara Dana.


a) The Kathina Civara Dana (Robes Civaras offering) Ceremony:

The Kathina Dana, which is literary means difficult dana, is so called because many formalities must be observed. The Mahavagga gives elaborate rules for holding the Kathina Civara Dana ceremony. Although the Kathina Civara Dana is generally intended for one resident Bhikkhu who regularly spends a rain-retreat (Vassavasa, the full moon day of Asadhi Purnima to Ashvina Purnima) in a monastery, the offering must be made to a group of at least five Bhikkhus within the next month of Ashvina Purnima (Mid-October to Mid-November) once a year. The Civaras (Robes) must be properly made and stitched as mentioned in the Vinaya Pitaka. It is mentioned in the scriptures that all other sacrifies or offerings cannot have one sixteenth of the merits that acquire from the Kathin Civara Dana. It is mentioned in the scriptures that all other sacrifies or offerings cannot have one sixteenth of the merits that acquire from the Kathin Civara Dana. It is also known that the giver and the taker acquire five special booms in this life and in the after life, and the virtue thus acquire is unparalleled and immeasurable.

b) The Sangha Dana Ceremony:

The devotees offers to the Sangha (Bhikkus) cooked food, other edibles foods and any other items used by the Bhikkus and Sramanerars in their daily life in a ceremonious way at any time. The ceremony begins - all item of the foods and other articles of dana are arranged properly in front of Bhikkus (at least five bhikkus are required) who take seats in rows. Paying homage to the Buddha, Dhamma & Sangha and taking FIVE precepts, then one experienced devotees utters the Sangha Dana verse. The verse related to the function is: IMAM BHIKKHAM SAPARIKKARAM BHIKKHUSANGHASSA DEMA, PUJEMA. (Translate) We are offering to and worshiping the SANGHA with these necessary foods and articles.

Then the Bhikkhus utter the Buddha Puja verses and chorus recite from the holy Tripitaka as blessings for the householders, all present and bygone relatives. Therefore, the merit of the DANA are given to the deceased ones, to gods and all other beings : and the devotees also pray for their own safety , prosperity, benefit and general welfare while the senior bhikkhu and other participants recite “Tuhnanumodana-gatha”. While “Tuhnanumodana-gatha” is recited, somebody of devotees must pour water from a glass or jar slowly into a dish until the recitation comes to an end. After it, the Bhikkhus discuss the merits of the Sangha Dana. In this respect, the Buddha said, “PATHAVI SAGARO MERU KHAYAM YANTI YUGE YUGE, KAPPANI SATA SAHASSANI SANGHE DINNARN NA NASSATI”. (Translate) The earth, the sea, and the poles may be destroyed some day or other, but the blessing of Sangha Dana will never perish. After the rituals of the ceremony, all the Bhikkhus and guests are entertained with dainty food.

c) The Atthaparikkhara Dana:

The devotees offers to the Sangha (Bhikkus) the essential eight things (i.e. Three Civara (Robes), Alms-Bowl, Razor, Needle & Thread, Waist Belt and Water Seive) alongwith cooked food, other edibles foods and any other items used by the Bhikkus and Sramanerars in their daily life in a ceremonious way at any time. The ceremony begins - the said essential eight things and all item of the foods and other articles of Dana are arranged properly in front of Bhikkus (at least five bhikkus are required) who take seats in rows. Paying homage to the Buddha, Dhamma & Sangha and taking FIVE precepts, then one experienced devotees utters the Atthaparikkhara Dana verse. The verse related to the function is: IMAM BHIKKHAM ATTHAPARIKKARAM BHIKKHUSANGHASSA DEMA, PUJEMA. (Translate) We are offering to and worshiping the SANGHA with these EIGHT ESSENTIAL THINGS and the necessary foods and articles.


Then the Bhikkhus utter the Buddha Puja verses and chorus recite from the holy Tripitaka as blessings for the householders, all present and bygone relatives. Therefore, the merit of the DANA are given to the deceased ones, to gods and all other beings : and the devotees also pray for their own safety , prosperity, benefit and general welfare while the senior bhikkhu and other participants recite “Tuhnanumodana-gatha”. While “Tuhnanumodana-gatha” is recited, somebody of devotees must pour water from a glass or jar slowly into a dish until the recitation comes to an end. After it, the Bhikkhus discuss the merits of the Atthaparikkhra Dana. After the retuails of the ceremony, all the Bhikkhus and guests are entertained with dainty food.

The devotees believed that eight kind of different blessings are obtained through Atthaparikkhara Dana – i) The gift of Three Robes (Ticivara), the donor does not face scarcity of cloths in his birth circles; ii) The gift of alms-bowl brings wealth and riches in the donor’s birth circle; iii) The gift of Razor, the donor becomes possessed of wesdo.; iv) The gift of Needle & Thread makes the donor adept and intelligent; v) The donor gets a long life as a result of giving a Waist-belt and vi) The gift of Water Cleaner makes the donor fearless, disease and fair complexioned.

(Gratitude to Dr. Dilip Kumar Barua, Professor, Department of Pali and Buddhist Studies, University of Dhaka).

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